Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): dōng xiāng
English Translation1: Dongxiang
Population & Distribution2: Total population is 621,500, mainly distributed in the area of Gansu Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. There is a Dongxing Autonomous County in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province.
Spoken and Written Language: The Dongxiang language belongs to is a the Mongolian group of Altaic family. No writing system preserved.
Major Industry: The Dongxiang people engaged in agriculture and sidelined with animal husbandry. Potato planting in the area they live is famous for high yield, rich and sweet. Sheep growing plays an important part in the life of Dongxiang people.
Religious Belief: The Dongxiang blieved in Islam.
Traditional Festivals: Main festivals of Dongxiang are Ashoura, Eid al-Fitr and Id al-Adha.
Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.
Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.