Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): wéi wú ěr

English Translation1: Uygur

Population & Distribution2: Total population is 10,069,346, mainly distributed in the area of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

Spoken and Written Language: They have their own language which belongs to the Turkic group of Altaic language family and there is a scripting system for the language.

Major Industry: Uygur engaged in agriculture, cotton planting, gardening and animal husbandry. Grape and Hami melon (a variety of muskmelon) are their specialties.

Religious Belief: Uygur people believe in Islam.

Traditional Festivals: Corban Festival, Eid Al Fitr, Nuoruz Festival and Balati Festival.

Traditional Diet: roasted whole lamb, mutton kebab, fried rice, nang-bread, sumsa, spicy chicken and pulled noodles (square noodles in tomato sauce).

Traditional Folk Art: Salim, duolan dance, maxrap, 12 Muqam. There are popular musical instruments such as duolan rawap and dutaer.

Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.

Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.


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