Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): yí
English Translation1: Yi
Population & Distribution2: Total population is 8,714,393, mainly distributed in the area of Yunnan Province, Sichuan Province and Guizhou Province.
Spoken and Written Language: The national language belongs to the Yi branch, the Tibetan-Burmese group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. The script of Yi language is known as Nuosu-bburma.
Major Industry: Yi is mainly engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry in mountainous area. The lacquer ware making has a long history.
Religious Belief: Yi people worship of ancestors, animist and believe in ghosts.
Traditional Festivals: The torch festival, Yi New Year, forest ceremony, dress show festival, flower arrangement festival and etc.
Traditional Diet: There are some styles of wine drinking such as drinking in turn or drinking with straws. Dishes are delivered with dancing process. Popular meet is called tuotuo that is cooked in large pieces and served with hand.
Traditional Folk Art: Gasby dance, Ayi dance, circle dance(guozhuang), mountain climbing tunes, marrying tunes and etc.
Traditional Sports: Wrestling, horse racing, bullfighting, wheel swing and etc.
Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.
Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.