Bai Nationality in Brief
Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): bái
English Translation1: Bai
Population & Distribution2: Total population is 1,933,510, mainly distributed in the area of Yunnan Province, Guizhou Province and Hunan Province.
Spoken and Written Language: Bai people speak Bai language which is belong to the Tibetan-Burmese group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. Chinese are also used prevalently.
Religious Belief: Worship of the Communal God (Village God) and also believe in Buddhism.
Traditional Festivals: The major festivals observed by Bai people include March Street Fair, Festival of Walking around “Three Holy Temples”, Torch Festival and Antiphonal Singing Assembly at Stone Treasury Mountain.
Traditional Diet: Three courses of tea, yenx seinp, David’s schizothoracin, herl gerd, snail sauce, and blowed liver.
Traditional Folk Art: Bai folk song, Counterpart Song, ditty, ballad singing, tyrant whip dance, octagonal drum dance, bi-Swallows dance, dragon dance, lion dance. Dali opera, ancient Dongjing music.
Bai people advocate the culture and have great knowledge, experience and talent in calendar, meteorology, medicine, construction, carving and painting.
Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.
Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.