Li Nationality in Brief

Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin):

English Translation1: Li

Population & Distribution2: Total population is 1,463,064, mainly distributed in the area of Hainan Province.

Spoken and Written Language: The Li language belongs to the Li branch Zhuang-Dong group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family, but no script.

Major Industry: Li people are mainly engaged in agriculture with fishing and hunting as sideline. Their textile workmanship has been well known for long time. Double-sided embroidery technique is their creation and brocade Yazhou quilt is typical product of such technology.

Religious Belief: Li people believe in ghosts, especially ancestor ghost. They worship their ancestors as well as nature. Tattoo is a common practice for women.

Traditional Festivals: The Spring Festival, March 3rd Love Festival, Cow Festival, Grain Festival, Shanlan Festival and Hot Spring Playing Festival.

Traditional Diet: Pickles, fish tea, bamboo rice, roasted voles, etc. Chewing betel nut is popular. betel nut is also a mascot and a token of love.

Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.

Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.

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