Farmyards

  "Farming in the field with the sun right overhead, a peasant's sweat drops and disappears in the soil beneath the crops. For those who have never had such an experience, how could they know that every grain of food comes from hardship?" (An ancient Chinese poem)

The various groups of lou(a kind of farming tool) has portrayed for us pictures of hard work in seeding. Under the hot sun, a peasant is dragging a lou hard, stripped to his waist. His wife carefully holds the lou and shakes the funnel to equably drop the seeds into the track of the soil. The peasant's sweat drops irrigating the seeds. A windlass, which needs four people to reel, portrays a farming in dry area. It takes joint efforts of four people to bring up a bucket of water from a well several hundred meters deep. The spear, a kind of weapon carried by the Miao people living in the mountain area.The spear can be used to protect oneself if attacked by beasts. In most cases, it is just a shoulder pole to carry two stacks of fire wood. If grass grows too long, we can use "tiger-head hay cutter" to cut it. If there is too much grass, we can use "wood fork" to stir it up. Even a small "connecting pole" can help thresh a farmyard of grains of wheat.

We have been fighting with the natural hazzards and gained a whole set of farming experience. Farming technologies were developed in the field practice and transfered from generation after generation. This is our history of agriculture showing human intelligence as well as the grandness of our ancestors.

Agricultural production in China has developed to a large scale in thousands of years ago. Although the Chinese ancestors invented many outstanding farming technics and advanced farming tools, the agriculture production still powered by animals or humans. Meanwhile, the treasure of experience and products in agriculture has great impact to the existence and development of human kind and resulted in the progress of life experience of early civilization.

The exhibited farming tools mentioned above cover a relatively large area, south or north, plain or mountain areas, farms or pastures.

Time span: Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty till modern times, about 500 years' history.