Tujia Nationality in Brief

Chinese Phonetic Alphabet (Pinyin): tǔ jiā

English Translation1: Tujia

Population & Distribution2: Total population is 8,353,912, mainly distributed in the area of Hunan Province, Hubei Province, Chongqing City and Guizhou Province.

Spoken and Written Language: They have their own language which belongs to the Tibetan-Burmese group of Chinese-Tibetan Language Family but no written system to accompany it.

Major Industry: Tujia engaged in agriculture and their brocade “Xi Lan Ka Pu” is one of the five well-known brocades in China.

Religious Belief: Tujia people believe in ancestor and polytheism.

Traditional Festivals: Gannian Festival, Sheba Festival, Tujia Girls Fair(known as the Eastern Valentine's Day), May 8 and June 6.

Traditional Diet: Glutinous rice, cured meat, oil tea, soybean soup, rice cake and sit-ping wine (Zajiu liquor).

Traditional Folk Art: hand-waving song, hand-waving dance, eight treasures copper bell dance, Mao Goose and local mask drama.

Note 1: The English names of nationalities are compiled according to the usage of the Internet and written materials.

Note 2: The distribution of ethnic population and regions is cited from the computer aggregated data of the 2010 census of China.

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